With the peak of hurricane season upon us, it is important to know how to best protect yourself and your property from damage or losses. The hurricane season started June 1 and ends Nov. 30, but the peak period for hurricanes runs from August through October.
Record high ocean temperatures and the development of a climate phenomenon known as La Nina will keep the Atlantic hurricane season on track to be the busiest since 2005, according to government forecasters.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has slightly lowered the outlook it released in May, but an above-normal season is still expected, said Gerry Bell, lead seasonal hurricane forecaster at NOAA's Climate Prediction Center in Washington.
The updated forecast calls for 14 to 20 named tropical storms, down from a range of 14 to 23.
Eight to 12 storms could become hurricanes, and four to six of those hurricanes could become major storms, blowing winds of 111 mph (178 kph) or more, forecasters said.
"August heralds the start of the most active phase of the Atlantic hurricane season and with the meteorological factors in place, now is the time for everyone living in hurricane prone areas to be prepared,'' NOAA Administrator Jane Lubchenco said in a statement.
Historically during active storm seasons, multiple hurricane strikes are much more likely for both the Gulf Coast and the East Coast in the U.S.
If you own a house that is located along the ocean, bay or within a coastal county, your home may be vulnerable to wind damage caused by a hurricane or Nor' Easter. It is important to take preventative measures to help protect your family, home and possessions.
Here are some things you can do:
Measures to Consider if Renovating or Building a Home
- Windows, doors & skylights. Install impact resistant storm shutters on all windows, doors and skylights. Storm shutters can be custom designed to fit your home.
- Entry doors. Install entry doors that have at least three hinges and a deadbolt that fully secures into the doorjamb. Double entry doors should also use surface bolts that extend well into the jambs and floor. Entry doors should be constructed of solid wood or hollow metal.
- Roofing. The roof covering and structure should be properly installed to withstand high winds. Framing of the home should include all building code-approved hurricane straps at the roof to top wall connection. Gable style roofs are susceptible to high winds. Be sure they are properly secured and braced.
- Garage doors. Garage doors should be designed for impact resistance or reinforced to withstand high winds. Double-wide garage doors are especially susceptible to high winds. Retrofit kits and storm bars are available for garage doors to help strengthen them.
- Power supply. Consider installing a gas-powered backup generator to power your appliances, air conditioning and minimal lighting in the event of a power outage during and after a storm. Being able to run a sump pump during a power outage may help you prevent water damage.
Protecting Personal Belongings and Important Documents
- Jewelry and collectibles. Valuables should be inventoried and stored in a secure location (such as an inland bank safety deposit box). If off-site storage is not possible, then place these items in a waterproof container and store in an interior closet.
- Personal documents. The documents listed below are some of your most valuable and difficult possessions to replace. Keep them in a bank safe deposit box or other off-site storage, or in waterproof containers.
¤ Legal papers – deeds, titles to vehicles and boats, divorce records and adoption papers, passports, military records, living wills, powers of attorney, and child custody papers.
¤ Financial documents – stock and bond certificates, numbers of brokerage and bank accounts and credit cards, a backup computer disk if you use financial management software, and the first two pages of your latest income tax forms.
¤ Personal items – birth certificates, naturalization papers, marriage licenses, children’s immunization records, pet vaccination records, photo negatives or computer disks of photographs that would be impossible to replace.
¤ Insurance – a copy of your policies, including vehicles and boats, health and life, telephone numbers of your agents, appraisals, home improvement records, a written description of your home’s contents, and videotapes or photographs of your possessions.
Damage Prevention Steps When a Storm Approaches
- Clear loose objects. Bring outside patio and lawn furniture, potted plants, and outdoor bicycles and toys indoors. Help your neighbor bring in their backyard items as well so these items do not become flying objects that impact your home. Be sure all awnings are closed and secured. Tie down any other loose items that may become projectiles in a high wind.
- Reinforce windows & doors. If your windows and doors are not wind and impact resistant, plywood can be used as last minute protection. However, be sure it is strongly secured.
- Reinforce your garage door. If you do not have a storm bar or other garage door reinforcement, you may want to back up your car against the inside of your garage door to help prevent it from “twisting” due to high winds.
- Move furniture and household fixtures. Move them away from exterior door and window openings. If possible, elevate these items and cover them with plastic.
- Secure household appliances. Appliances, including personal computers, should be unplugged and stored away in cabinets or interior closets.
- Test and refuel your backup generator. If you've installed a gas-powered generator as a backup power supply in your home, regularly test it to ensure that it is operational at the time you need it. When a storm approaches, run another quick test and make sure that plenty of fuel is available.
Preparing an Emergency Supply Kit
Assemble and maintain an emergency supply kit throughout the hurricane season. Items should be stored in a watertight container.
- Water – minimum 1 gallon per day, per person for one week is needed. Two quarts are for drinking and 2 quarts are for food preparation or sanitation. When a storm approaches, fill empty containers and a bathtub with water as an additional emergency supply.
- Food – a one-week supply of non-perishable food. Remember a non-electric can opener, cooking tools, camping stove, paper plates, and plastic utensils. Remember special dietary needs for infants, the elderly or pets.
- Clothing – rain gear, sturdy shoes.
- First aid kit – painkillers such as aspirin or ibuprofen, an assortment of bandages and gauze pads, antiseptic, latex gloves, first aid cream, scissors, tweezers, and a thermometer. Also include a two-week supply of prescription drugs.
- Flashlights and batteries – using candles for light can pose a fire hazard.
- Battery-operated radio – to help you stay informed of severe weather updates.
- Bleach & antibacterial soap
- Toilet paper and personal hygiene items
- Plastic bags and tarps
- Pillows and blankets
Store your kit in a place commonly known to all family members. Replace and/or refresh items in your kit every six months.
Prepare an “Action Plan” in the Event of an Evacuation
- Become familiar with your community’s disaster preparedness plan and know your evacuation route. Check with The American Civil Defense Association for the safest escape route in the event of a flood warning.
- Have a predetermined destination in mind so you can quickly relocate to a shelter or relative's house. Select a common meeting place or single point of contact for all family members in case you are separated through the evacuation process.
- All vehicles should be fueled well in advance of evacuation. Gas will be hard to come by. Power failures will render gas pumps inoperable.
- Make sure your cell phone has a full charge, and bring along the charger.
- Always stay informed of approaching storms by monitoring local television and radio stations for severe weather updates.
If You Are Unable to Evacuate
- Identify a “shelter” room in your home. This enclosed area should be on the first floor, in the central part of the house and with no windows. When the storm gets bad, go there. Avoid all unprotected windows and doors until the storm passes.
- Remain in contact with neighbors. Others who are riding out a storm may need your help and you may need theirs.
- Use your emergency supply of water or boil any water before drinking, until official word is given that the water is safe.
- After the storm passes, beware of loose or dangling power lines and report them immediately to the proper authorities.
Understand Your Insurance Coverage
- Review your homeowners policy with your agent or broker so you understand the amount you will receive in the event of a covered loss and if it will be adequate to rebuild your home. Also know the amount of your deductible and any special provisions in your policy such as wind exclusions.
- Know your responsibilities such as installing shutters, making arrangements to have your home secured if you are away, and verifying that emergency generators and sump pumps are functioning.